Wednesday, April 24, 2019
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Professor Klein then speaks of "that artistic finish that we admire in Euclid's Elements," and mentions Allman's important historical work. I heartily concur in this estimate of Euclid, and desire to contrast it with the error of Charles S. Peirce, in the Nation, where he speaks of "Euclid's proof (Elements Bk. I., props. 16 and 17)" as "really quite fallacious, because it uses no premises not as true in the case of spherics." Our bright American seems to have forgotten Euclid's Postulate 6 (Axiom 12 in Gregory, Axiom 9 in Heiberg), "Two straight lines cannot enclose a space;" that is, two straights having crossed never recur.

A prime number is one (which is) measured by a unit alone.

Give him a coin, since he must profit by what he learns.

Upon these accounts it appeared necessary and I hope will prove acceptable to all lovers of accurate reasoning and of mathematical learning to remove such blemishes and restore the the principal Books of the Elements to their original accuracy, as far as I was able; especially since these Elements are the foundation of a science by which the investigation and discovery of very useful truths, at least in mathematical learning, is promoted as far as the limited powers of the mind allow; and which likewise is of the greatest use in the arts both of peace and war, to many of which geometry is absolutely necessary. This I have endeavoured to do, by taking away the inaccurate and false reasonings which unskilful editors have put into the place of some of the genuine Demonstrations of Euclid, who has ever been justly celebrated as the most accurate of geometers, and by restoring to him those things which Theon or others have suppressed, and which have these many ages been buried in oblivion.

The term 'axiom' was used by Proclus, but not by Euclid. He speaks, instead, of 'common notions'—common either to all men or to all sciences.

There is no royal road to geometry.

And the whole [is] greater than the part.

Comparatively few of the propositions and proofs in the Elements are his [Euclid's] own discoveries. In fact, the proof of the "Theorem of Pythagoras" is the only one directly ascribed to him.

The laws of nature are but the mathematical thoughts of God.

Euclid's Elements is certainly one of the greatest books ever written, and one of the most perfect monuments of the Greek intellect.

It is a remarkable fact in the history of geometry, that the Elements of Euclid, written two thousand years ago, are still regarded by many as the best introduction to the mathematical sciences.

The Elements has been considered as offering models of scrupulously rigorous demonstrations. It is certainly true that in point of rigour it compares favourably with its modern rivals; but when examined in the light of strict mathematical logic, it has been pronounced by C.S. Peirce to be "riddled with fallacies." The results are correct only because the writer's experience keeps him on his guard.

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Escher, M. C.

Espenson, Jane

Esposito, John

Esposito, Phil

Esposito, Tony

Esslin, Martin

Estefan, Gloria

Estienne, Henri

Etherege, George

Eubank, Chris

Euripides

Eusebius of Caesarea

Euwe, Max

Evangelista, Linda

Evans

Evans, Alice

Evans, Bill

Evans, Edith

Evans, Lee

Espenson, Jane

Esposito, John

Esposito, Phil

Esposito, Tony

Esslin, Martin

Estefan, Gloria

Estienne, Henri

Etherege, George

Eubank, Chris

**Euclid**

Euripides

Eusebius of Caesarea

Euwe, Max

Evangelista, Linda

Evans

Evans, Alice

Evans, Bill

Evans, Edith

Evans, Lee

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