Tuesday, December 12, 2017
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Swiss mathematician and physicist, considered to be one of the greatest mathematicians of all time.

The most influential mathematics textbook of ancient times is easily named, for the Elements of Euclid has set the pattern in elementary geometry ever since. The most effective textbook of the medieval age is less easily designated; but a good case can be made out for the Al-jabr of Al-Khwarizmi, from which algebra arose and took its name. Is it possible to indicate a modern textbook of comparable influence and prestige? Some would mention the Géométrie of Descartes or the Principia of Newton or the Disquisitiones of Gauss; but in pedagogical significance these classics fell short of a work by Euler titled Introductio in analysin infinitorum.

Euler and Ramanujan are mathematicians of the greatest importance in the history of constants (and of course in the history of Mathematics ...)

Our jewel ... one of the most remarkable, almost astounding, formulas in all of mathematics.

Perhaps the most surprising thing about mathematics is that it is so surprising. The rules which we make up at the beginning seem ordinary and inevitable, but it is impossible to foresee their consequences. These have only been found out by long study, extending over many centuries. Much of our knowledge is due to a comparatively few great mathematicians such as Newton, Euler, Gauss, or Riemann; few careers can have been more satisfying than theirs. They have contributed something to human thought even more lasting than great literature, since it is independent of language.

Euler calculated the force of the wheels necessary to raise the water in a reservoir … My mill was carried out geometrically and could not raise a drop of water fifty yards from the reservoir. Vanity of vanities! Vanity of geometry!

Since the fabric of the universe is most perfect and the work of a most wise Creator, nothing at all takes place in the universe in which some rule of maximum or minimum does not appear ... there is absolutely no doubt that every affect in the universe can be explained satisfactorily from final causes, by the aid of the method of maxima and minima, as it can be from the effective causes themselves ... Of course, when the effective causes are too obscure, but the final causes are readily ascertained, the problem is commonly solved by the indirect method...

Like a Shakespearean sonnet that captures the very essence of love, or a painting that brings out the beauty of the human form that is far more than just skin deep, Euler's equation reaches down into the very depths of existence.

Madam, I have come from a country where people are hanged if they talk.

The Introductio does not boast an impressive number of editions, yet its influence was pervasive. In originality and in the richness of its scope it ranks among the greatest of textbooks; but it is outstanding also for clarity of exposition. Published two hundred and two years ago, it nevertheless possesses a remarkable modernity of terminology and notation, as well as of viewpoint. Imitation is indeed the sincerest form of flattery.

It is the invaluable merit of the great Basle mathematician Leonard Euler, to have freed the analytical calculus from all geometric bounds, and thus to have established analysis as an independent science, which from his time on has maintained an unchallenged leadership in the field of mathematics.

One of the most frequently mentioned equations was Euler's equation, Respondents called it "the most profound mathematical statement ever written"; "uncanny and sublime"; "filled with cosmic beauty"; and "mind-blowing". Another asked: "What could be more mystical than an imaginary number interacting with real numbers to produce nothing?" The equation contains nine basic concepts of mathematics — once and only once — in a single expression. These are: e (the base of natural logarithms); the exponent operation; ?; plus (or minus, depending on how you write it); multiplication; imaginary numbers; equals; one; and zero.

Read Euler: he is our master in everything.

Quanquam nobis in intima naturae mysteria penetrare, indeque veras caussas Phaenomenorum agnoscere neutiquam est concessum: tamen evenire potest, ut hypothesis quaedam ficta pluribus phaenomenis explicandis aeque satisfaciat, ac si vera caussa nobis esset perspecta.

To those who ask what the infinitely small quantity in mathematics is, we answer that it is actually zero. Hence there are not so many mysteries hidden in this concept as they are usually believed to be.

He calculated without any apparent effort, just as men breathe, as eagles sustain themselves in the air.

A function of a variable quantity is an analytic expression composed in any way whatsoever of the variable quantity and numbers or constant quantities.

For the sake of brevity, we will always represent this number 2.718281828459... by the letter e.

It would be a considerable invention indeed, that of a machine able to mimic speech, with its sounds and articulations. I think it is not impossible.

There is a famous formula, perhaps the most compact and famous of all formulas — developed by Euler from a discovery of de Moivre: It appeals equally to the mystic, the scientist, the philosopher, the mathematician.

Now I will have less distraction.

Espenson, Jane

Esposito, John

Esposito, Phil

Esposito, Tony

Esslin, Martin

Estefan, Gloria

Estienne, Henri

Etherege, George

Eubank, Chris

Euclid

Eusebius of Caesarea

Euwe, Max

Evangelista, Linda

Evans

Evans, Alice

Evans, Bill

Evans, Edith

Evans, Lee

Evans, Robert

Esposito, John

Esposito, Phil

Esposito, Tony

Esslin, Martin

Estefan, Gloria

Estienne, Henri

Etherege, George

Eubank, Chris

Euclid

**Euler, Leonhard**

Eusebius of Caesarea

Euwe, Max

Evangelista, Linda

Evans

Evans, Alice

Evans, Bill

Evans, Edith

Evans, Lee

Evans, Robert

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